Music Collection Mussie Zekarias (ወዲ ዘኩ)

ስነ ጥበብ

Mussie Zekarias ሙሴ ዘካርያስ

Viviana Amanuel talks to Wedi Zeku about how he’s bringing Eritrean music into the 21st century with a modified kirar.

There are some pioneers in Eritrean music, bringing creative ideas and new personalities to the world stage. Mussie Zekarias, known as Wedi Zeku, is one of them. Many Eritreans are afraid of losing traditional musical instruments and lyrics, but Mussie is trying to keep these traditions alive by updating the kirar. Wedi Zeku, member of an Eritrean police band, has modified a lot on this well known instrument. Viviana finds out more...

ቪቭያና ኣማኑኤል ምስ ወዲ ዘኩ ንሙዚቃ ኤርትራ ንክራር ብምምሕያሽ ብኸመይ ምስ 21 ክፍለ ዘመን የላልዮ ከም ዘሎ ኣመልኪታ ዕላል ኣካይዳ ኣላ።

ኣብ ኤርትራ ሓደ ሓደ ሰባት ቅድሚ ሕጂ ብኻልኦት ዘይተሰርሐ ስርሓት ኣብ ምስራሕ ይርከቡ። ሙሴ ዘካርያስ ብወዲ ዘኩ ዝፍለጥ ድማ ሓደ ካብኣቶም እዩ። ቡዙሓት ኤርትራዉያን ባህላዉያን መሳርሒ ሙዚቓን ግጥምታትን ከይጠፍኡ ፍርሒ ኣለዎም፣ እንተኾነ ግና ሙሴ ነዞም ባህልታት ንኸይጠፍኡ ንክራርብምምሕያሽ ክዕቕቦም ይፍትን ኣሎ። ወዲ ዘኩ፣ ኣባል ፖሊስ ባንድ፣ ንክራር ቡዙሕ ምምሕያሻት ገይሩላ ኣሎ። ቪቭያና ድማ ብዛዕብኡ ዕሙቕ ዝበለ ሓበሬታ ክትረክብ ፈቲና ኣላ. . .

Q. What is the kirar to Eritrean music?

Kirar is one of the well known and well used Eritrean traditional music instruments.

ሕ. ክራር ንናይ ኤርትራ ሙዚቃ እንታይ እዩ?

ክራር ሓንቲ ካብተን ፍሉጣትን ብዝያዳ ንጥቀመልንን ባህላዊ መሳርሒታት ሙዚቃ ናይ ኤርትራ እያ።

Mussie Zekarias ሙሴ ዘካርያስ
Mussie Zekarias ሙሴ ዘካርያስ

Q. How many ways can we use play a kirar?

There are various styles. But basically we can group them into two— picking as well as fingering. Pickingis vibrating a string with something flexible to produce various rhythmic melodies. Fingering is vibrating the strings using your fingers.

ሕ. ንክራር ብኽንደይ መንገድታት ክንጻወታ ንኽእል?

ዝተፈላለዩ ቅድታት ኣለዉ። ብመሰረቱ ግና ኣብ ክልተ ክንመቅሎም ይከኣል— ሓደ ብመህረሚ ጌካ ነቲ ስልኪ ዝተፈላልየ ድምጺ ንምፍጣር ክትሃርሞ ከለኻ እቲ ካልኣይ ድማ ነቲ ስልኪ በጻብዕትኻ ከሃርሞ ከለኻ እዩ።

Q. For years, the typical Eritrean kirar has had five strings. But you’ve modified it by adding two extra strings. So what can we play with this new type of kirar?

The modified kirar with seven strings can play many different melodies as well as chords, harmony and rhythm. The most important thing is with this kirar we can play a melody.

ሕ. ንዓመታት ክራር ሓሙሽተ ስልክታት ጥራይ እዩ ነይሩዋ። እንተኾነ ግና ክልተ ስልክታት ብምዉሳኽ ኣመሓይሽካያ ኣለኻ። በዛ ሓዳስ ዓይነት ክራር እንታይ ክንጻወት ንኽእል?

በዛ ዝተመሓየሸት በዓልቲ ሸዉዓተ ስልኪ ክራር ዝተፈላለዩ ሜሎዲስ ከምኡ’ዉን ኮርድስ፣ ሃርሞኒን ርይትምን ክንጻወት ንኽእል። እቲ ዝበለጸ ነገር ግና በዛ ክራር ሜሎዲ ክንጻወት ንኽእል ምዃንና እዩ።

Q. What’re the limitations of a five string kirar?

The kirar with five strings can only play the pentatonic melody—it only can give five sounds at the same time. Some kirars have six strings, but the sixth string is usually used to back up the other strings. Very few artists can manage a key on the sixth string. In a nutshell, there can be two keys on a five string kirar—it can only play the pentatonic melody, that is, it can only give five sounds at the time.

ሕ. ሕጽረታት ናይ በዓልቲ ሓሙሽቲ ስልኪ ክራር እንታይ እዩ?

ሓንቲ ክራር ሓሙሽተ ስልክታት እንተለዋ ሓሙሽተ ቶን ዘለዎ ሜሎዲ ጥራይ አያ ክትጻወት ትኽእል— ኣብ ሓደ ሓሙሽተ ድምጽታት ጥራይ እያክትህብ ትኽእል። ገለ ገለ ክራር ሽድሽተ ስልክታት ኣለወን፣ እንተኾነ ግና ኣታ ሻድሸይቲ ስልኪ ነተን ካልኦት ስልክታት ንምድጋፍ ጥራይ እያ ተገልግል። ገለ ዉሑዳት ስነ ጥበባዉያን ጥራይ እዮም ነታ ሻድሸይቲ ንበይና ክጥቀሙላ ዝኽእሉ። ብኣጠቓላሊ ሓሙሽተ ስለክታት ኣብ ዘለዋ ክራር ክልተ መፋትሕ ክህልዉ ይኽእሉ—ነቲ ሓሙሽተ ድምጽታት ጥራይ ክትጻወት ትኽእል፣ እዚ ማለት ኣብ ሓደ ግዚ ሓሙሽተ ድምጽታት ጥራይ ክትህብ ትኽእል።

Q. What about the kirar with seven strings?

By adding one or two strings, we can get another key. It is very flexible for generating different keys. We can also use it to play chords unlike those on the kirar with five or six strings. It also includes more variation in melody.

ሕ. ብዛዕባ እታ ሸዉዓተ ስልኪ ዘለዋ ክራር እንታይ ትብለና?

ሓንቲ ወይ ክልተ ስልክታት ብምዉሳኽ ካልእ መፍትሕ ክንረክብ ይከኣል። ዝተፈላላዩ መፋትሕ ንምርካብ ድማ ኣዝያ ተዓጻጻፊት ክራር እያ። ዘይከም እታ ሓሙሽተ ስልኪ ዘለዋ ክራር በዛ ክራር እዚኣ ዝተፈላለዩ ኖታታት ኣብ ሓደ ክንጻወት ንኽእል። ብተወሳኺ’ዉን ፍልልይ ዘለዎ ዜማ ተጠቓልል።

Q. Why did you change the traditional Eritrean kirar? I started playing the kirar when I was a child. I learned to play an organ in a short period of time, and started to think why a kirar couldn’t be as rich as an organ. Then I committed myself to make the kirar as flexible as the other modern instruments. Not only this, I started to work on how to make the kirar one of the best instruments in the world. I never stopped my commitment. Recently, I have been able to realize most of my dreams—the kirar is not as rigid as before.

ሕ. ነዛ ባህላዊት ናይ ኤርትራ ክራር ስለምንታይ ክትቅይራ ፈቲንካ?

ክራር ብህጻንነተይ እየ ክጻወት ጀሚረ። ኦርጋን ምጽዋት ድማ ኣብ ሓጺር እዋን ተማሂረ፣ ካብዚ ግዜ ጀሚረ ድማ ስለምንታይ አያ ክራር ከም ኦርጋን ሃብታም ጽምጺ ዘይብላ ኢለ ክሓስብ ጀሚረ። ደሓር ንክራር ከምተን ካልኦት ዘመናዉያን መሳርሒታት ተዓጻጻፊት ንክትከዉን ጻዕሪ ከካይድ ጀሚረ። እዚ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ንክራር ብኸመይ ሓንቲ ካብተን ኣብ ዓለም ዝበለጻ መሳርሒታት ሙዚቃ ክገብራ ከም ዝኽእል ክሰርሓሉ ጀሚረ። ተወፋይነተይ ብፍቁም ኣቛሪጸ ኣይፈልጥን። ኣብዚ ቀረባ ግዜ ሕልምታተይ ክበሃለይ ጀሚሩ— ክራር ከምቲ ቐደም ደረቕ ዓይነት መሳርሒት ኣይኮነትን።

Q. Have you ever learned to read music?

Actually, no—I never took a course to read music. I’ve faced challenges in improving in the absence of such training. What I know about music is very little in comparison with the big dreams I am pursuing. I am always reading and sharing experience to fill the gaps and try to improve myself through practice.

ሕ. ሙዚቃ ምንባብ ተማሂርካ ትፈልጥ’ዶ?

ሙዚቃ ንኸንብብ ዝኾነ ይኹን ትምህርቲ ወሲደ ኣይፈልጥን እየ። ከምኡ ዓይነት ስልጠና ብዘይምዉሳደይ ድማ ኣብ ምዕባለይ ፈተነ ኣጋጢሙኒ ነይሩ። እቲ ብዛዕባ ሙዚቃ ዘለኒ ኣፍልጦ ምስቲ ንኽበጽሖ ዝደሊ ዘለኒ ሕልሚ ክወዳደ ከሎ ኣዝዩ ንእሽተይ እዩ። ነዚ ንምሽፋን ንነብሰይ ብፈተነ ንምምዕባልን ድማ ኩሉ ግዜ ኣብ ቀጻሊ ምንባብን ኣብ ምልዉዋጥ ተመኩሮን አየ ዝርከብ።

Mussie Zekarias ሙሴ ዘካርያስ

Q. What songs do you play with the extra keys of the seven string kirar?

I recently played a single song entitled Kefkireki Fikediley . I played it in three keys—F sharp, G sharp minor and B major

ሕ. በዘን ተወሰኽቲ ስልክታት ናይዛ በዓልቲ ሸዉዓተ ስልኪ ክራር አንታይ ደርፍታት ትጻወት?

ኣብዚ ዝሓለፈ ቀረባ ግዜ ሓንቲ ከፍቕረኪ ፍቐድለይ ትብል ንጽል ደርፊ ተጻዊተ ኣለኹ። ብሰለስተ መፋትሕ ድማ ተጻዊተያ— ኤፍ ሻርፕ፣ ሻርፕ ማይነር ከምኡ ድማ ሜጀር።

Q. What’s been the response from other musicians to your adaptations?

So far the feedback I’ve got is really promising. It has strengthened my commitment, especially when musicians are keen to find out what changes I’ve made. They appreciate what I’ve done and suggest I keep on.

ሕ. ነዚ ዝገበርካዮ ለዉጢ ካብ ካልኦት ሙዚቐኛታት እንታይ ግብረ መልሲ ረኺብካ?

ክሳብ ሕጂ እቲ ግብረ መልሲ ኣተባባዒ እዩ። ነቲ ተወፋይነተይ ኣትሪርዎ እዩ ብፍላይ ገለ ሙዚቀኛታት ብዝገበርኩዎ ለዉጢ ተገዲሶም ክሓቱ ከለዉ። ንዝገበርኩዎ ብምንኣድ ድማ ክቕጽሎ የተባብዑኒ።

Q. What are your plans for the future? What should we expect from Mussie?

Based on the limited skills I currently have, I‘m on my way to producing a new album. I hope it will be satisfying to my fans. Beside this , I hope to make the kirar well known and accepted all over the world like the other music instruments. I will strive for it persistently.

ሕ. ናይ መጻኢ መደባትካ እንታይ ኢዩ? ካብ ሙሴ እንታይ ኢና ክንጽበ?

ኣብዚ ዘለኒ ድሩት ዕቕሚ ተመርኩሰ፣ ሓንቲ ሓዳስ ኣልበም ኣብ ምድላዉ ይርከብ። ንደገፍተይ የዕጋቢት ክትኮነለይ ተስፋ ይገብር። ብዘይካ’ዚ ተስፋ ይገብር ንክራር ኣብ መላእ ዓለም ልክዕ ከም ካልእ መሳርሒታት ሙዚቃ ፍልጥትን ቅብልትን ክገብራ።