Video: Learn English

Video: Learn English

Pre Lessons

Unit 1 - Lesson - 1 - am/is/are
The questions What ...? Who ...?

The Verb "To be"

To be is the most common verb in the English language. It can be used as an auxiliary or a main verb.

Singular = 1

Plural = 1+

I

am

You

are

You

are

We

are

He/she/it

is

They

are

Uses: Am/Is/Are

 

Question ?
Positive Statement +
Negative Statement -
Singular
Written Form or spoken for emphasis
Contracted
Form (spoken)
Written Form or spoken for emphasis
Contracted
Form (spoken)

Am I?

I am

I'm

I am not

I'm not

Are you?

You are

You're

You are not

You're not
or
You aren't

Is he?
Is she?

Is it?

He is
She is

It is

He's
She's
It's

He is not
She is not

It is not

He isn't
She isn't
It isn't
or
He's not
She's not
It's not
Plural

Are we?

We are

We're

We are not

We aren't
or
We're not

Are you?

You are

You're

You are not

You're not
or
You aren't

Are they?

They are

They're

They are not

They aren't
or
They're not

Examples

The verbs am / is / are/ are used with:-


Am/Are

Is

a noun group

Are you an English teacher?

Mr Bean is an English teacher.

an adjective

I'm tired.

She's English.

an expression of place or time

They're at home.

It's nine o'clock.

an expression of age

I'm 44.

He's two years old.

the form of the present continuous tense

We're learning English.

She's teaching English.

 


Am/Are

Is

Question - ?

"Am I disturbing you?"

"Is this your coat?"

Positive Answer + Yes

"Yes you are. We're very busy."

"Yes, it is"

Negative Answer - No

"No you're not. We aren't very busy."

"No, it isn't"



 

 

 

 

 



Unit 1 - Lesson 2 -

English Greetings, Introductions and Farewells


Follow the dialogue.

Mr Bean meets Mrs Breuer, one of his students, and her husband in the street.

Mr Bean:

Good morning, Mrs Breuer.

Mrs Breuer:

Good morning, Mr Bean. How are you?

Mr Bean:

I'm fine thanks, and you?

Mrs Breuer:

Not too bad. Mr Bean, this is my husband Michael, Michael this is Mr Bean my English teacher.

Mr Breuer:

Pleased to meet you.

Mr Bean:

Pleased to meet you too. Are you from Germany, Mr Breuer?

Mr Breuer:

Yes, East Germany, from Dresden. And you, are you from London?

Mr Bean:

No, I'm from Derby, but I live in London now.

Mrs Breuer:

Well, goodbye Mr Bean, it was nice to see you.

Mr Bean:

Yes, goodbye.



?Meeting>
When you meet people you say "Good morning" first thing in the morning, "Good afternoon" from about 12.00 till around 17.00 and "Good evening" from then on.
"Hello" or "Hi" are more informal but can be used at any time.

Question

Response

How are you?

Great thanks.

How are you?

Fine thanks. or I'm OK thanks.

How are you?

Not too bad thanks.

<-Parting->
When leaving, you say "Goodbye".
"Bye" is more informal.
When leaving at night, you say "Goodnight".
When going to bed you say "Goodnight."


Shaking Hands

When meeting someone formally for the first time, we shake their hand and say "How do you do?" or "Pleased to meet you."

"How do you do?" isn't really a question, it just means "Hello".

When young people meet informally they sometimes say "Give me five!" and slap their hands together (high five).

Generally we do not shake hands with people we know well.

Naturally speaking

You say hello, and I say goodbye!

Follow the dialogue.

Mr Bean meets Mrs Breuer, one of his students, and her husband in the street.

Mr Bean:

Good morning, Mrs Breuer.

Mrs Breuer:

Good morning, Mr Bean. How are you?

Mr Bean:

I'm fine thanks, and you?

Mrs Breuer:

Not too bad. Mr Bean, this is my husband Michael, Michael this is Mr Bean my English teacher.

Mr Breuer:

Pleased to meet you.

Mr Bean:

Pleased to meet you too. Are you from Germany, Mr Breuer?

Mr Breuer:

Yes, East Germany, from Dresden. And you, are you from London?

Mr Bean:

No, I'm from Derby, but I live in London now.

Mrs Breuer:

Well, goodbye Mr Bean, it was nice to see you.

Mr Bean:

Yes, goodbye.

Formal to Informal Greetings and Introductions

 

First meetings

^

^

Formal

Informal

v

v

Introducing yourself

Introducing others

Responding to an introduction

On Leaving

How do you do? My name is Mrs Hand.

Mrs Hand, may I introduce my boss, Mr Smith.

Pleased to meet you Mrs Hand.

Goodbye. It's a pleasure to have met you.

Hello, Lynne Hand. I'm the owner of this web site.

Lynne, I'd like you to meet John Smith, our salesman. John, this is Lynne Hand.

Pleased to meet you Lynne.

Goodbye. Nice to have met you.

Lynne Hand.

Lynne, meet John, my husband. John, this is my teacher Lynne.

Hi, Lynne. How are you?

Bye. It was nice to meet you.

 

Subsequent meetings

Formal

Possible Greetings

Possible responses

^

^

Formal

Informal

v

v

Hello, Mrs Hand. It's nice to see you again.

What a pleasant surprise! How are you? It's been a while.

Good morning Mrs Hand. How are you today?

I'm very well thank you. And you?

Good afternoon, Mrs Hand. It's good to see you.

Thank you. It's nice to see you too. How are you?

Hello Lynne. How are you doing?

Fine thanks. What's new with you?

Hi, Lynne! How's it going?

Not too bad, busy as ever.

Hi, Lynne. How are things?

Oh fine. You know how it is.



 

Unit 1 - Lesson 3 - People, Places, Nationalities

+ The Question Where?



Remember It Questions

 

Who?

=

People

What?

=

Things

Learn It

Where?

=

Places

 

Where you come from is your nationality.

CAPITALISATION RULES

Rule

For example

People's names always start with a CAPITAL LETTER.

My name is Lynne Hand.

Countries always start with a CAPITAL LETTER.

I come from England, but I live in Germany.

Cities always start with a CAPITAL LETTER.

I grew up in Nottingham.

Nationalities always start with a CAPITAL LETTER.

I am English.

 

Where is this ?

 

Is this Germany?

Is England in Poland?

What is the capital of England?

No, this isn't Germany. This is England.

No, England isn't in Poland. England is in Britain.

The capital of England is London.

Is this France?

Is Wales in Germany?

What is the capital of Wales?

No, this isn't France. This is Wales.

No, Wales isn't in Germany. Wales is in Britain.

The capital of Wales is Cardiff.

Is this Spain?

Is Scotland in France?

What is the capital of Scotland?

No, this isn't Spain. This is Scotland.

No, Scotland isn't in France. Scotland is in Britain.

The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh.

Is this Italy?

Is Northern Ireland in Italy?

What is the capital of Northern Ireland?

No, this isn't Italy. This is Northern Ireland.

No, Northern Ireland isn't in Italy. Northern Ireland is in the United Kingdom.

The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.

Where is this?

Is the United Kingdom in America?

Tell me more.

This is the United Kingdom.

No, the United Kingdom isn't in America. The United Kingdom is in Europe.

England, Wales and Scotland are countries in Britain. England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are countries in the United Kingdom. London, Belfast, Edinburgh and Cardiff are capital cities. London is the capital of Britain.

 

This is England.

Q - Is England a city?

A - No, England isn't a city. England is a country.

Q - And London. Is London a city or a country?

A - London is a city, a capital city. London is the capital city of England.

Q - Is London in Germany?

A - No, London isn't in Germany. London is in England.

Now you - make up the same dialogue for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Q - Is Wales .......... ?

A - No, Wales ........... .

 

A quick joke :- What is the capital of France?

 

Who is this?/Who are they?

Who is this?

What is her name?

Where does she come from?

Where does she live?

What nationality is she?

It's Ingrid.

Her name is Ingrid Bergman

She comes from Sweden

She's dead.

She's Swedish

Who is this?

What is his name?

Where does he come from?

Where does he live?

What nationality is he?

It's Napoleon.

His name is Napolean Bonaparte.

He comes from France.

He's dead.

He's French.

Who are they?

What are their names?

Where do they come from?

Where do they live?

What nationality are they?

They're 'The Beatles'.

Their names are John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison.

They come from England.

John Lennon and George Harrison are dead. Paul lives in England and Ringo lives in Monte Carlo.

They're British.

Note:

Where do you come from? = Where were you born or raised?

Where do you live? = Where do you live now?

For example:

"I come from England, but I live in Germany."

Now you try:- (Requires a free Voice Thread account).

What to say

Question

Short answer

Long answer

"What's your name?"

"It's Lynne Hand."

"My name is Lynne Hand."

"Where do you come from?"

"From England."

"I come from England."

"Where do you live?"

"In Darmstadt."

"I live in Darmstadt."

"What nationality are you?"

"I'm English."

"My nationality is English."

When asked questions about themselves people often give short one-word answers:-

Question

Short one - word answer

"What's your name?"

"Lynne Hand."

"Where do you come from?"

"England."

"What country do you come from?"

"England"

"Where are you from?"

"England"

"Where do you live?"

"Darmstadt."

"What nationality are you?"

"English."

Naturally Speaking

Follow the dialogue.

What's your name please?

Mr. Bean.

Do you come from London?

No I come from Derby.

Do you live in Derby?

No, I live in London.

Are you English?

Yes, I am.

Thank you.

You're welcome.