Posted by Yohannes Zewde September 09, 2012
Why are you trying so hard to fit in when you were born to stand out?
- From the movie "what a girl wants"
I love you. I am who I am because of you. You are every reason, every hope, and every dream I've ever had, and no matter what happens to us in the future, everyday we are together is the greatest day of my life. I will always be yours.
- From The Notebook
"Oh yes, the past can hurt. But you can either run from it, or learn from it."
- Rafiki, from The Lion King
"It takes a great deal of bravery to stand up to your enemies, but a great deal more to stand up to your friends."
– Dumbledore, Harry Potter
The truth is... I gave my heart away a long time ago, my whole heart... and I never really got it back.
– Reese Witherspoon, Sweet Home Alabama
The greatest thing you'll ever learn is just to love and be loved in return.
– From Moulin Rouge
The best love is the kind that awakens the soul and makes us reach for more, that plants a fire in our hearts and brings peace to our minds. And that's what you've given me. That's what I'd hoped to give you forever.
– Nicholas Sparks, The Notebook
Do, or do not. There is no "try".
– Yoda (from The Empire Strikes Back)
Love cannot be found where it doesn't exist, nor can it be hidden where it truly does.
– David Schwimmer, in the movie "Kissing a Fool"
"I'm scared of everything. I'm scared of what I saw. I'm scared of what I did, of who I am.... and most of all, I'm scared of walking out of this room and never feeling the rest of my whole life the way I feel when I'm with you."
– "Baby" in Dirty Dancing
Posted by Yohannes Zewde September 09, 2012
A great movie is like a series of paintings that achieve a great visual look and the person in charge of giving us that magic is theDirector of Photography aka the DP or the DoP.
Now what is cinematography: cinematography comes from the Ancient Greek and means writing with motion.
Filmmaking is shooting a film, capturing images but cinematography is more: it’s making the image look beautiful, it gets an emotional subtext, a tone, a vibe through to the audiance visually.
A great director must have knowledge of cinematography as a great DoP must have knowledge of directing. The DoP takes care of the technical aspect of the movie while the director takes care of the actors and the scenes. The DoP is the visual designer of the film. Depending on the movie a great DoP will add depth, movement and visual force to the elements of each single frame. A great example is the movie Road to Perdition by Sam Mendes where every scene is just like a painting due to the amazing work of Conrad L. Hall who won the Oscar for best cinematography.
Visual design or composition has some principles, and here are a few of those:
Unity: is the principle that the image must be viewed as a whole. Of course you can focus the attention to a certain part of the image, but it always must be viewed as a whole. That’s where a lot of composition comes to work.
Balance: Visual balance is an important part of the composition. Every element has a visual weight. The weight of an element is determined by it’s size but also in its position in the frame, color…
Colors: Colors give an emotion. Purple is dead, red is passion/blood, by using colors in a subtle way you can provide a feeling of hapiness, anxiety or even fear into your audiance.
Rhythm: Repetition of similar elements in cinematography can create patterns between sequences or in the storyline.
Contrast: Contrast is the a function of the light/dark value, the color and texture of the objects in the frame and the lighting. It defines depth, spatial relationships and carries a considerable emotional and storytelling weight.
Directionality: Everything has some elements of directionality. Anything that is not symmetrical is directional.
This only covers a few of the principles since there are a lot of them and they will be covered in our workshops and in some further lessons.
But before we finish this lesson lets add a little bonus for the reader.
If you don;t know where to start when composing an image you can use the Rule of Thirds.
Rule of thirds: The rule of third starts by dividing the frame into thirds. The rule of thirds proposes that a useful approximate starting point for any compositional grouping is to place major points of interest in the scene on any of the four intersections of the interior lines.
The rule of thirds is a rule to help you out. Again it’s up to you to use it or not, and of course rules are to be broken and it is done all the time but: know your rules before you break them! All the basic rules of filmmaking exist for good reasons, they are the result of more than 100 years of practical experience and tryouts. Just know them before you break them.